GOLDEN DAY (part 1+2) *updated !

wilson413
edited May 6 in General Fishing




Hi everyone, I’m an avid angler in Singapore and I love to be out on the sea as much as my schedule permits. However, whenever I’m out at sea, I always have my ACR RESQlink+ with me. 

Most of the anglers who I fish with would always ask me why I carry this funny looking device. No matter how much they poke fun at me saying I’m “怕死” aka “afraid to die”, I will just laugh it off and continue fishing. This is because deep down inside me, I know that I’m always covered should there be a rare occurrence that the boat meets any mishap or anyone on the boat requires immediate medical attention assistance. 

Here are some of the reasons why all anglers should carry a PLB with them whenever they are out in the sea! Please note that this is not a marketing move and I am not affiliated with any companies producing or selling PLBs. I just want everyone to be safe and enjoy their time at sea. 


What is a PLB?  A Personal Locator Beacon (PLB) is a small emergency device used in a situation where the group has deemed life-threatening. Its a personal electronic transmitter used to alert rescuers that there has been a life threatening man over board (MOB) situation with a need to be rescued. When activated, the PLB sends out a signal on either a 406MHz frequency or Local Area System using 121.5MHz, VHF DSC and/or AIS. Most PLBs contain a Global Positioning System (GPS) to report the location, making it easier and faster for emergency services to respond appropriately. When activated, a PLB transmits a distress signal which is detected world-wide by the global satellite system, Cospas-Sarsat, and is then relayed to the appropriate emergency services. Its based on a simple foundation shown below by which any steps missing can significantly reduce the chance of survival.


Always RMB THIS. U ONLY GOT THE FIRST 24HR FOLLOWING A TRAUMATIC EVENT, SO CALLED “ GOLDEN DAY”


By having a PLB, it can reduce this hour of being rescued to less than 2 hours.


STOP here for a moment, and try to recall an incident where a Singapore man spent 4 days drifting on the open sea, and felt like he had 1000 needles stuck on his badly charred skin. He was on a boat anchored around 500m from Tioman island when bad weather struck, all he managed to grab was a life buoy and his backpack. Within 5hr he could no longer see any land, and he did not have any food or water to drink. He was alone, bearing the raw elements of Mother Nature. He could also feel himself being pecked by marine creatures beneath the surface, but was too exhausted to do anything about it.  He was lucky to be alive when he was spotted and saved by a PASSING ship in South China Sea ! 





THIS COULD BE U !!! 


Would the situation improve if he was carrying a PLB on with him? YES! He could have been rescued much earlier instead of leaving it to chance. He was lucky and survived to tell the stories but could u? 


Normally a PLB will be broadcasting at 2 different frequencies as mentioned above. 121.5MHZ and 406MHZ. Both of which are being monitored 24hr world wide.


121.5MHZ

  • It is use as a homing capability when its activated, it allows Search and rescue (SAR) to locate your location and provide updated location & tracking details to within +/- 1m.


406MHZ

  • Cospas-Sarsat is best known as the system that detects and locates emergency beacons activated by aircraft, ships and people engaged in recreational activities in remote areas, and then sends these distress alerts to SAR authorities. There are total of 54 satellites orbiting the Earth at different altitude ( 5 low-altitude Earth orbit called LEOSARS, 9 geostationary Earth orbit call GEOSARs and 40 satellite in medium-altitude Earth orbit called MEOSARs) .
  • The PLB will be broadcasting at a powerful 5W and carries a GPS coordinations that ensure a swift rescue.



So u might be wondering how this 2 frequencies work hand in hand with one another.


Firstly, upon activating the PLB, it will broadcast on both frequencies (121.4MHZ and 5MHZ). This signal will be received by the satellites and sent to a Mission Control Centre (MCC) where it is decoded and forwarded to the nearest Rescue Coordination Centre (RCC). The RCC will then attempt to contact the registered details, which were provided upon purchase, to verify if it is a real MOB distress situation. On average, worldwide, this verification can take up to 60 minutes, as 99% of 406MHz activations are false, delaying the dispatch of the closest Search and Rescue forces. It is only once the distress alert has been verified at the RCC that a rescue plan is formulated and rescue assets are dispatched.



Part 2 : 

Previously I had written at length on how the PLB workS. Right now, I will be sharing about what happens behinds the scenes upon a PLB activation:

Within Singapore Aeronautical Search and Rescue Region (ASRR)/ Maritime Search and Rescue Region (MSRR).






Search and Rescue will be carried out by the Singapore Government (*bao good one). This will be a collaboration of multiple agencies like 

Singapore’s Ministry of Defence, 

• Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, 

• Meteorological Service of Singapore, 

• Ministry of Health, 

• Singapore Police Force,

• Singapore Civil Defence Force, 

• Changi Airport Group 

and other relevant government bodies. 


Our SAR operations are well-supported by aeronautical, maritime and public telecommunication services from the search and rescue units listed in the below:

 

MINDEF - 2x SEARCH AND LOCATE AIRCRAFT 

1 x SAR HELI

2x RSN vessels

The Singapore RCC is equipped to provide Satellite-Aided Search and Rescue (COSPAS-SARSAT) service within Singapore and adjacent FIRs on 406 MHz. The system enables our Singapore RCC to detect and track aircraft in distress quickly, thus reducing search time and significantly improving survival chances.



Do you feel like getting one now? 


The list below shows some of the Pros of getting a PLB.


Personal locator beacons (PLBs): This satellite-synced device sends an SOS signal to rescue agencies, along with your location. Key attributes include:

  • Works in remote areas worldwide
  • Multiyear battery life (replacement requires sending it in)
  • No subscription fees
  • No ability to send messages home or cancel an SOS call
  • Stronger signal than a satellite messenger (unobstructed view of sky works best)


What are the costs for a PLB? (~$520 SGD)


In general, once you have purchase a PLB, the cost is fixed and can be spread over the life of the battery of the unit. With a 5-year battery life, the amount to pay per year is relatively low. In some instances, some manufacturers will replace the PLB if they had been used in a legitimate emergency. PLB can mean a rescue within hours versus days, and when every minute counts, that can be critical. When you obtain a PLB, remember to register the device through the local authority and read the instruction manual. Be familiar with the procedure for carrying out the self-testing and activating of the PLB. PLBs are a proven technology that when looked at closer, is a relatively affordable insurance in case of an emergency. It can be taken hiking, fishing, skiing, boating, mountaineering, paragliding as many are very small and portable. 




The following are some of PLB that’s currently available in the market

  • ACR ResQlink + GPS
  • Kannad safelink SOLO
  • McMurdo FASTFIND MAX



One of the Main reason I got the ACR ResQlink+ GPS is that it relatively small in size. And the company is in the business for the longest time. Do note that when choosing such device its always best to get it from a good company !! As your life depends on it.


I got mine from a company in Singapore, as all PLB must be registered on the COSPAS website, and the PLB must carried a Singapore code. 

http://www.safetyinnovators.com/


Below will be some of the spec of my current PLB.




  • botakchong
    Hi Wilson,

    Thanks alot for the good recommendation.

    Our group of kakis had decided to acquire 1 unit of PLB after circuit breaker.

    Below is our funding method.
    +++++++++++++++++++++
    Estimated cost of PLB (Personal Locator Beacon) S$500++

    We shall practise pay per use for funding.

    Will use 2019 admin fee to purchase.

    Will charge S$1 per pax per trip through trip's group fund. 
    Thus, there will be a S$10 entry of PLB fee in future trips.
    ++++++++++++++++
    Estimated budget:
    PLB S$500 (5 years battery life)

    Contribution per trip S$10

    Nice nice, after 5 years and 50 trips. S$500 funding recovered, battery expired.

    Bravo, brilliant, very smart. The best lah!!!!!

  • wilson413
    Hi Wilson,

    Thanks alot for the good recommendation.

    Our group of kakis had decided to acquire 1 unit of PLB after circuit breaker.

    Below is our funding method.
    +++++++++++++++++++++
    Estimated cost of PLB (Personal Locator Beacon) S$500++

    We shall practise pay per use for funding.

    Will use 2019 admin fee to purchase.

    Will charge S$1 per pax per trip through trip's group fund. 
    Thus, there will be a S$10 entry of PLB fee in future trips.
    ++++++++++++++++
    Estimated budget:
    PLB S$500 (5 years battery life)

    Contribution per trip S$10

    Nice nice, after 5 years and 50 trips. S$500 funding recovered, battery expired.

    Bravo, brilliant, very smart. The best lah!!!!!

    ​i hope this will help u all with the purchase of this SAFTEY equipment. please do note that the PLB is register to one person only.  therefore i highly recommend that everyone in the group get one.. 

    How i did my cost averaging for the PLB is as such..

    $520/5(years) = $104(yearly)
    $104/12(month)=$8.67(monthly)
    after 5 year the battery replacement i think is just $100( u can check it out and post over here )

    SAFTEY FOR YOUR LOVE ONE IS PRICELESS..❤️❤️  

  • botakchong
    Hi Wilson,

    Noted with thanks that PLB was registered to individual.

    I'm a marine radio technician, my job includes testing of Satellite EPIRB onboard Ocean going vessels. 

    While onboard vessels, we use a beacon tester to test/check SATELLITE EPIRB using a beacon tester to check the encoding, transmission frequency (406Mhz & 121.5khz).

    I hope that you could contact me at +65-97280221 to discuss the possibility of using my beacon tester to carry out a test on your PLB, as I'm interested to know the type of protocol that's in use in PLB.

    Botak Chong 97280221



  • botakchong
    edited May 25
    wilson413 said:
    Hi Wilson,

    Thanks alot for the good recommendation.

    Our group of kakis had decided to acquire 1 unit of PLB after circuit breaker.

    Below is our funding method.
    +++++++++++++++++++++
    Estimated cost of PLB (Personal Locator Beacon) S$500++

    We shall practise pay per use for funding.

    Will use 2019 admin fee to purchase.

    Will charge S$1 per pax per trip through trip's group fund. 
    Thus, there will be a S$10 entry of PLB fee in future trips.
    ++++++++++++++++
    Estimated budget:
    PLB S$500 (5 years battery life)

    Contribution per trip S$10

    Nice nice, after 5 years and 50 trips. S$500 funding recovered, battery expired.

    Bravo, brilliant, very smart. The best lah!!!!!

    ​i hope this will help u all with the purchase of this SAFTEY equipment. please do note that the PLB is register to one person only.  therefore i highly recommend that everyone in the group get one.. 

    How i did my cost averaging for the PLB is as such..

    $520/5(years) = $104(yearly)
    $104/12(month)=$8.67(monthly)
    after 5 year the battery replacement i think is just $100( u can check it out and post over here )

    SAFTEY FOR YOUR LOVE ONE IS PRICELESS..❤️❤️  

    ​Hi Wilson
    Thanks alot for making contact, we shall meet after Circuit Breaker to test your PLB.
    +++++++++++++++++++
    Aside for other kakis.
    It doesn't matter that PLB is registered with Individual. As it's purpose is to alert the authorities with a distress message and provide its location.

    Those ferry between Spore & Batam/TG PINANG, are carrying only 1 beacon which is registered under the ship.

    Only a cruise ship will need to carry 2 beacons.

    However, leisure fishing boats are not required to carry any locating beacon. Thus, trip organiser might like to consider getting one PLB for safety at sea.
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